Rugs have been in existence since the beginning of human civilization. Historically, rugs have been the key to accentuating looks in houses and palaces of important aristocrats throughout Europe and Asia. In addition, they’ve been known as traditional types of equipment for indigenous families across Africa. The perception from these societies alone highlights the versatility of a rug and until now rugs have been used as a key element in home decor.
Long ago, around 2000BC, blankets and rugs were made from animal skins (such as cows, goats and wild boar) in order to provide primitive families with precious warmth and shelter. As this culture evolved, people became smarter and more skilled; they now started making rugs from woven reeds. It took them weeks to complete but this allowed rugs to become the most valuable product in the family.
Facts obtained by willing researchers pointed out that velvet rugs were actually widely used in areas of Asia and in the Middle East long before 2000BC.
Sheep rearing was also common among travelers and wool was the main reason they were raising sheep, even before food. At first, thick leather skin cover was used to protect people against weather, and then the communities realized that wool was a more functional choice compared to leather.
A key moment in the history of rugs happened in 1949 when Sergej Rudenko, an eccentrical but smart archeologist discovered a rug named as “Pazyryk carpet” at a cemetery in Siberia. The rug being the oldest known in history has been frozen in ice since the fifth century BC.
Decades later, more people in the United Kingdom started introducing rugs in their homes. While before this, noble families used furnishing as an indicator of wealth and richness. Years later in between 1960 and 1970, rugs became very much affordable to everyone as they were famous all over England and the rest of the world.
When it comes to Oriental Rugs, there are 2 main kinds of nodes you should pay attention to. The 1st one is the Turkish node (Ghiordes node) while the 2nd node is the Persian node (Senneh node). There is a third node too, but it’s not that helpful called the Jufti node.
It is crucial you understand how to calculate the nodes correctly. The term often used as a quality carpet indicator is “Knots per square inch”. This term aids in determining the fixation density and the improvement on the design definition. In skillfully woven rugs, the design is visible and well imprinted both at the front and the back. These kinds of rugs are generally more costly. You can easily learn how to correctly count the nodes on your oriental rug.
On the backside of a hand nodded rug, you will notice countless tiny bumps. These tiny bumps are the visible areas of the nodes that move around the warp threads.
The various kinds of rugs include:
- Hall runner rugs
- Natural fiber rugs
- Natural dye rugs
- Ziegler rugs
- Kazak rugs (etc.).